To respond to this statement, we summarize the following:
To solve this dilemmamany available computer programs only require the navigator to observe stars or planets and enter data to obtain the most likely observed positionthus, the solution can be summarized in that the navigators are trained to control and use the marine sextant.
Of course, the mathematical position of the ship can be obtained using the sailing map, or analytically using the following equations
d. Lat. = dist. Cos T.Co.
dep. = dist. Sin T.Co.
d. Long. = dep. / Cos (mean Lat.)
It should be noted that these programs are available to my sons and fellow naval officers as a science to benefit fromThis is what was agreed upon by the work team, Eng. Islam Badawy, who designed these programsand my dear son, Ahmed Adel, who designed the required graphics.